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How To Write the Ultimate Bad Guy 

The foundations of a good story lie in its characters. Imagine J.K Rowling writing about the magical land of wizards and Harry Potter – without a paled skin, skull-faced, snake-like slits for nostrils, and red-eyed Voldermort – chasing him down, screaming bloody murder. Harry Potter wouldn’t be the successful novel series it is today. 

The memorable charm of reading a good book with a hero-story largely depends on how great its villains are. After all, heroes are only as good as their villains.

A ‘good’ bad guy is not your average Joe. He or she (don’t forget our Cruella de Vills and Wicked Witches of the West) are complex individuals with a dark and shady past motivating their cruel intentions. Think of them as traumatized people who never went to much-needed therapy sessions. 

The most important thing to remember when drawing up your villains is to make them relatable. Sure, villains are meant to be booed at, but at some level, their backstories make them compelling characters your audience can sympathize with. 

Villains come in every shape, size, and form

You don’t HAVE to include a villainous character into all of your stories. It is completely possible to write one without creating a negative role. 

But, if you plan to add a dose of drama and obstacles for the protagonist, formulating a villain is the way to go. Villains do not necessarily have to be power-hungry, taking over the world, ending humanity as we know it- type.

A more realistic approach could be a wicked aunt or a rude boss, or societal villains (representatives of society’s invisible rules). 

There are stories where an individual isn’t portrayed as ‘the bad guy.’ Antagonism can be shown with a hint of evil present in multiple characters, which ultimately works against the protagonist.

Pride and prejudice, a classic, didn’t have a typical evil monster to combat. Darcy and Elizabeth faced the class system, Elizabeth’s prejudice, and Darcy’s pride. 

Sometimes, a good person is shown to take a selfish step, which could be termed ‘evil’, turning them into the bad guy. It all depends on the storyteller and the story they choose to tell.

Every villain has their own story

As a writer, it is easy to forget to build up your villain. We spend so much time writing-up the perfect hero, our bad guys take a seat on the back burner. Every character in a novel has to be brought to life with dialogues, backstories, actions, and interactions. 

Not all of them may be front-field players- most of them have supporting roles or play friends. But they are still important to make the story whole. 

Case in point- Harry Potter (everyone’s favorite). The story of an orphan and a mistreated boy who finds a family at Hogwarts to call his own rings in our hearts because of the cherished friendship the protagonist has with Ron and Hermione. 

Not just them, but Ron’s family becomes the warm and welcoming touch; Hagrid, Dumbledore, and Professor McGonagall become the guardian figures, and the rest of the students- Neville, Dean, the Quidditch team- all become unforgettable. The author spent time and words to construct the perfect atmosphere with these lovable characters. 

The same goes for a villain. A ‘good’ villain needs a relatable backstory- Where did he come from? What happened to him? What motivates him to be bad? 

what makes a villain

While some notable negative characters have been portrayed to be just plain-old bad, without having a real reason to be, which works too, the majority of them have a devastatingly sad life, which turns them to become evil. 

Joker, from the famous DC comics of Batman, is perhaps the most loved criminal. He was poor, struggling, alone and depressed. He blamed the city and its people and turned them into Gotham’s worst nightmare and the top villain of all times. 

Customize your villains

There is only one factor to focus on to make a bad guy unforgettable- make them unique and make them your own. 

Villains should make sense to the story. They should play into the narrations and, in the end, make your hero look good. But while doing so, it is easy to create a cliche. Nobody likes cliches. They are boring, bland, and unmemorable—everything you do not want. 

So how to make a bad guy stand out? Get descriptive! 

A vivid and thorough character description is a good way to introduce your antagonist. The physical features paint a picture in the reader’s mind and allow them to form a judgment. Say, for example, that I had to write about a demon. 

A few attributes that I could include would be red-eyes, leathery skins, talons or fangs, low-bowing with a characteristic walk, or something of the sort. 

Adding features that play to the villain’s story, perhaps a scar on the cheek from a previous injury. You could also involve the hero more into the villain’s background if you take the route of long-lasting foes. 

Once you have a clear vision for your bad guy, it’s time to become him. Not in the literal sense, of course. But when you write his interactions and dialogues, think about his past and who he is as a person or monster, and how he would react in the situation.

You have to put yourself in his imaginative shoes and play out scenarios. That’s how you avoid becoming a cliche.

The point is to make your bad guys different, descriptive, and with a purpose. 

What do all bad guys have in common? 

Villains generally have similar sentiments.  

  • They are convinced they are the good guys.
  • They make worthy opponents to your heroes.
  • They can be similar to your hero, but with a misguided sense of morals. 
  • They are determined and cannot be convinced to do the right thing. 
  • They are proud, deceitful, vengeful, full of anger and loathing.
  • Most importantly, they are jealous of the hero.

While they can be extravagant yet deranged, let’s not forget villains are, in fact, villains. They are the bad guys an author sets to fail right from the star— unless they feel like introducing a major plot twist and actually letting evil take over.

But, most times, the hero comes out winning. So, make your bad guy as juicy as you can; don’t let them overshadow your main characters. 

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